1.[Determination of benzyl glucosinolate in Lepidium meyenii from different regions by HPLC].
Tang L, Yin HJ, Si CC, Hu XY, Long ZH. Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2015 Dec;40(23):4541-4.
The content of benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) which as the enzymatic hydrolysis product of benzyl glucosinolate through thioglucosidase was determined by HPLC. The content of benzyl isothiocyanate (BITC) which as the enzymatic hydrolysis product of benzyl glucosinolate through thioglucosidase was determined by HPLC. The chromatography condition was as follows: Kaseisorb LC ODS 2000 (4.6 mm x 150 mm, 5 min) column with the mobile phase of acetonitrile(A)-water( B) under gradient elution (0-5 min, 3%-8% A; 5-9 min, 8%-48% A; 9-23 min, 48%-62% A; 23-28 min, 62%-99% A); the flow rate was 1.0 mL x min(-1) with 10 microL injection volume; detection wavelength was 246 nm and temperature of column was 40 degrees C. The content of benzyl glucosinolate was in the range of 10.76-17.91 g x L(-1). The method is simple, accurate and good reproducibility which can be used for the determination of benzyl glucosinolate in Lepidium meyenii, effectively.
2.Two pseudo-enantiomeric forms of N-benzyl-4-hydroxy-1-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ(6),1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide and their analgesic properties.
Ukrainets IV1, Shishkina SV2, Baumer VN2, Gorokhova OV1, Petrushova LA1, Sim G3. Acta Crystallogr C Struct Chem. 2016 May 1;72(Pt 5):411-5. doi: 10.1107/S2053229616005453. Epub 2016 Apr 14.
The fact that molecular crystals exist as different polymorphic modifications and the identification of as many polymorphs as possible are important considerations for the pharmaceutic industry. The molecule of N-benzyl-4-hydroxy-1-methyl-2,2-dioxo-1H-2λ(6),1-benzothiazine-3-carboxamide, C17H16N2O4S, does not contain a stereogenic atom, but intramolecular hydrogen-bonding interactions engender enantiomeric chiral conformations as a labile racemic mixture. The title compound crystallized in a solvent-dependent single chiral conformation within one of two conformationally polymorphic P212121 orthorhombic chiral crystals (denoted forms A and B). Each of these pseudo-enantiomorphic crystals contains one of two pseudo-enantiomeric diastereomers. Form A was obtained from methylene chloride and form B can be crystallized from N,N-dimethylformamide, ethanol, ethyl acetate or xylene. Pharmacological studies with solid-particulate suspensions have shown that crystalline form A exhibits an almost fourfold higher antinociceptive activity compared to form B.
3.In silico study of chromatographic lipophilicity parameters of 3-(4-substituted benzyl)-5-phenylhydantoins.
Sekulić TD1, Keleman S, Tot K, Tot J, Trišović N, Ušćumlić G. Comb Chem High Throughput Screen. 2016 May 6. [Epub ahead of print]
New synthesized compounds, particularly those with biological activity, are potential drug candidates. This article describes experimental studies performed to estimate lipophilicity parameters of new 3-(4-substituted benzyl)-5-phenylhydantoins. Lipophilicity, as one of the most important molecular characteristics for the activity, was determined using the reversed-phase liquid chromatography (RP-18 stationary phase and methanol-water mobile phase). Molecular structures were used to generate in silico data which were used to estimate pharmacokinetic properties of the investigated compounds. The results show that generally, the investigated compounds attain good bioavailability properties. A more detailed analysis shows that the presence of a nitro, methoxy and tert-butyl group in the molecule is indicated as unfavorable for the oral bioavailability of hydantoins. Multivariate exploratory analysis was used in order to visualize grouping patterns among molecular descriptors as well as among the investigated compounds.
4.Ultrasound-assisted direct oxidative amidation of benzyl alcohols catalyzed by graphite oxide.
Mirza-Aghayan M1, Ganjbakhsh N2, Molaee Tavana M2, Boukherroub R3. Ultrason Sonochem. 2016 Sep;32:37-43. doi: 10.1016/j.ultsonch.2016.02.017. Epub 2016 Feb 11.
Ultrasound irradiation was successfully applied for the direct oxidative amidation of benzyl alcohols with amines into the corresponding amides using graphite oxide (GO) as an oxidative and reusable solid acid catalyst in acetonitrile as solvent at 50°C under air atmosphere. The direct oxidative amidation of benzyl alcohols takes place under mild conditions yielding the corresponding amides in good to high yields (69-95%) and short reaction times under metal-free conditions.