1.A simple route to develop transparent doxorubicin-loaded nanodiamonds/cellulose nanocomposite membranes as potential wound dressings.
Luo X1, Zhang H2, Cao Z2, Cai N2, Xue Y2, Yu F3. Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Jun 5;143:231-8. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.01.076. Epub 2016 Feb 2.
The objective of this study is to develop transparent porous nanodiamonds/cellulose nanocomposite membranes with controlled release of doxorubicin for potential applications as wound dressings, which were fabricated by tape casting method from dispersing carboxylated nanodiamonds and dissolving cellulose homogeneously in 7wt% NaOH/12wt% urea aqueous solution. By adjusting the carboxylated nanodiamonds content, various nanocomposite membranes were obtained. The structure and properties of these membranes have been investigated by light transmittance measurements, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), tensile tests, water loss analyses, etc. The drug loading and release was investigated using doxorubicin hydrochloride as a model drug. In vitro cytotoxicity assay of the membranes was also studied. This work presented a proof-of-concept utility of these membranes for loading and release of bioactive compounds to be employed as a candidate for wound dressing.
2.Mucosal acidification increases hydrogen sulfide release through up-regulating gene and protein expressions of cystathionine gamma-lyase in the rat gastric mucosa.
Mard SA1, Veisi A2, Ahangarpour A2, Gharib-Naseri MK2. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2016 Feb;19(2):172-7.
OBJECTIVES: This study was performed to investigate the effects of mucosal acidification on mRNA expression and protein synthesis of cystathionine gamma lyase (CSE), cystathionine beta synthase (CBS), and mucosal release of H2S in gastric mucosa in rats.
3.Prolonged Drainage and Intrapericardial Bleomycin Administration for Cardiac Tamponade Secondary to Cancer-Related Pericardial Effusion.
Numico G1, Cristofano A, Occelli M, Sicuro M, Mozzicafreddo A, Fea E, Colantonio I, Merlano M, Piovano P, Silvestris N. Medicine (Baltimore). 2016 Apr;95(15):e3273. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000003273.
Malignant pericardial effusion (MPE) is a serious complication of several cancers. The most commonly involved solid tumors are lung and breast cancer. MPE can give rise to the clinical picture of cardiac tamponade, a life threatening condition that needs immediate drainage. While simple pericardiocentesis allows resolution of the symptoms, MPE frequently relapses unless further procedures are performed. Prolonged drainage, talcage with antineoplastic agents, or surgical creation of a pleuro-pericardial window are the most commonly suggested ones. They all result in MPE resolution and high rates of long-term control. Patients suitable for further systemic treatments can have a good prognosis irrespective of the pericardial site of disease. We prospectively enrolled patients with cardiac tamponade treated with prolonged drainage associated with Bleomycin administration.Twenty-two consecutive patients with MPE and associated signs of hemodynamical compromise underwent prolonged drainage and subsequent Bleomycin administration.
4.Alteration of fatal 1:1 conducted atrial flutter to less conducted ratio by landiolol infusion.
Takata J1, Haruyama N2, Arashi T2, Mae T2. J Anesth. 2016 Apr 16. [Epub ahead of print]
An 84-year-old male patient with a past history of atrial-flutter-fibrillation and dementia underwent an urgent femoral neck fracture surgery. Preoperative electrocardiography demonstrated atrial flutter (AFL) with ventricular conduction at a ratio of 2:1-4:1, and transthoracic echocardiography showed severe left ventricular dysfunction with Ejection Fraction of 14.6 %. Femoral nerve block and Lateral femoral cutaneous nerve block with sedation was planned for the surgery. Upon entry to the operating room, ECG showed 2:1 conducted AFL at the rate of 128 beats min-1. Due to the stimulation of urethral catheter insertion, it has altered to 1:1 conducted AFL. Loading dose of landiolol hydrochloride 7.5 mg followed by 1.5-3 μg/kg/min continuous administration was given, which had decreased the conduction ratio to 2:1 without causing hypotension. A further episode of 1:1 conducted AFL occurred when the pin was inserted to the thighbone, which caused circulatory collapse.