1.Development of a microfluidic paper-based analytical device for the determination of salivary aldehydes.
Ramdzan AN1, Almeida MI1, McCullough MJ2, Kolev SD3. Anal Chim Acta. 2016 May 5;919:47-54. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2016.03.030. Epub 2016 Mar 19.
A low cost, disposable and easy to use microfluidic paper-based analytical device (μPAD) was developed for simple and non-invasive determination of total aldehydes in saliva with a potential to be used in epidemiological studies to assess oral cancer risk. The μPAD is based on the colour reaction between aldehydes (e.g. acetaldehyde, formaldehyde), 3-methyl-2-benzothiazolinone hydrazone (MBTH) and iron(III) to form an intense blue coloured formazan dye. The newly developed μPAD has a 3D design with two overlapping paper layers. The first layer comprises 15 circular detection zones (8 mm in diameter), each impregnated with 8 μL of MBTH, while the second layer contains 15 reagent zones (4 mm in diameter). Two μL of iron(III) chloride are added to each one of the second layer zones after the addition of sample to the detection zones in the first layer. All hydrophilic zones of the μPAD are defined by wax printing using a commercial wax printer.
2.Synthesis and evaluation of a novel cationic konjac glucomannan-based flocculant.
Ren WJ1, Zhang AQ2, Qin SY1, Li ZK1. Carbohydr Polym. 2016 Jun 25;144:238-44. doi: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.02.061. Epub 2016 Feb 24.
A novel cationic flocculant of konjac glucomannan-graft-poly-(2-methacryloyloxyethyl)trimethyl ammonium chloride (KGM-g-PDMC), was successfully synthesized by using acidic ammonium cerium (IV) nitrate (CAN) as initiator in homogeneous aqueous solution. The graft copolymer was characterized using Fourier-transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy, (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance ((1)H NMR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and elemental analysis. The influences of degree of substitution (DS) of KGM, concentration of NaCl and pH value on turbidity removal rate of the cationic flocculant were investigated. The results demonstrated that the flocculant exhibited excellent flocculating ability in the presence of salt and a wide range of pH (1<pH<9). With DS of 0.2, the turbidity removal rate of flocculant to 0.1% kaolin suspension could reach more than 90% at pH 7.0. The flocculation mechanisms were investigated by screening effect and means of zeta potential.
3.Forsythia suspensa fruit extracts and the constituent matairesinol confer anti-allergic effects in an allergic dermatitis mouse model.
Sung YY1, Lee AY2, Kim HK3. J Ethnopharmacol. 2016 Apr 13. pii: S0378-8741(16)30207-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2016.04.015. [Epub ahead of print]
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Forsythia suspensa is used in traditional medicine to treat inflammation. To clarify the anti-inflammatory and anti-allergic effects of F. suspensa fruits, we determined the therapeutic effects of crude extract, fractions, and a constituent from F. suspensa fruits on a murine atopic dermatitis (AD) model.
4.Quantitative analysis of the hydration of lithium salts in water using multivariate curve resolution of near-infrared spectra.
Barba MI1, Larrechi MS2, Coronas A1. Anal Chim Acta. 2016 May 5;919:20-7. doi: 10.1016/j.aca.2016.03.022. Epub 2016 Mar 19.
The hydration process of lithium iodide, lithium bromide, lithium chloride and lithium nitrate in water was analyzed quantitatively by applying multivariate curve resolution alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) to their near infrared spectra recorded between 850 nm and 1100 nm. The experiments were carried out using solutions with a salt mass fraction between 0% and 72% for lithium bromide, between 0% and 67% for lithium nitrate and between 0% and 62% for lithium chloride and lithium iodide at 323.15 K, 333.15 K, 343.15 K and 353.15 K, respectively. Three factors were determined for lithium bromide and lithium iodide and two factors for the lithium chloride and lithium nitrate by singular value decomposition (SVD) of their spectral data matrices. These factors are associated with various chemical environments in which there are aqueous clusters containing the ions of the salts and non-coordinated water molecules. Spectra and concentration profiles of non-coordinated water and cluster aqueous were retrieved by MCR-ALS.