1.Preparation and characterization of affinity sorbents based on isoalloxazine-like ligands for separation of flavoenzymes.
Xin Y1, Yang H, Xiao X, Zhang L, Zhang Y, Tong Y, Wang W. J Sep Sci. 2011 Nov;34(21):2940-9. doi: 10.1002/jssc.201100474. Epub 2011 Sep 21.
Affinity ligands for flavoenzymes were synthesized based on the natural structure of flavo-coenzymes. Two typical flavoenzymes, cholesterol oxidase from Brevibacterium sp. and xanthine oxidase from bovine milk, were employed as standard enzymes. Fluorescent probes were synthesized from eight isoalloxazine-like chemicals and 5-aminofluorescein. Probe-enzyme interactions were analyzed via fluorescence spectra. Chemicals with high binding abilities to flavoenzymes were coupled with Sepharose through spacers composed of epichlorohydrin, ethylenediamine, 1,3-diaminopropane, 2-hydroxy-1,3-diaminopropane, and 1,4-diaminobutane, and subjected to adsorption analysis with flavoenzymes. The results indicated that ligands synthesized from 2,4-dioxohexahydropyrimidine-5-carboxylic acid, cytosine, 7-chloroalloxazine, and 8-chloroalloxazine had high binding abilities to the flavoenzymes. The affinity sorbent based on these ligands revealed a high theoretical maximum adsorption (Q(max)).