1.Cycloaddition of 2(1H)-pyridones having a methoxycarbonyl group to 1,3-butadiene derivatives.
Fujita R1, Hoshino M, Tomisawa H, Matsuzaki H, Hongo H. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001 Apr;49(4):497-500.
The cycloaddition of 4-methoxycarbonyl-2(1H)-pyridones to silyloxydienes gave isoquinolone derivatives in reasonable yields. Furthermore, the cycloaddition of 6-methoxycarbonyl-2(1H)-pyridones to 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene produced cycloadducts (isoquinolone and quinolone derivatives) and double cycloadducts (phenanthridone derivatives). The activation energies using Gaussian 98 with RHF/3-21G level of 4- and 6-methoxycarbonyl-2(1H)-pyridones coincided with the experimental facts.
2.A [4 + 4] 2-pyridone approach to taxol. 3. Stereocontrol during elaboration of the cyclooctane.
Lee YG1, McGee KF Jr, Chen J, Rucando D, Sieburth SM. J Org Chem. 2000 Oct 6;65(20):6676-81.
Intramolecular photocycloaddition of 2-pyridones connected through a four-carbon tether (6-[4-(1,2-dihydro-1-methyl-2-oxo-3-pyridinyl)-4-[[(1,1-dimethylethyl)++ +dimethylsilyl]oxy]butyl]-4-methoxy-1,3-dimethyl-2(1H)-pyridinone) yields a single tetracyclic product with four new stereogenic centers. The diastereoselectivity of this [4 + 4] reaction is fully controlled by a stereogenic carbon of the tether. Treatment of the photoproduct with osmium tetraoxide transforms the alkene to a diol and the enol ether to an alpha-hydroxy ketone, with stereocontrol dictated by nearby lactams that block one face of each alkene. Allylmagnesium bromide addition to the ketone also yields a single diastereomer, but unexpectedly this product results from approach of the nucleophile to the most-hindered face of the ketone. Study of this reaction in a model system has found the allylic nucleophile to be unique, with nonallylic reagents approaching along the expected, least-hindered path.
3.Diels-Alder reactions of nitro-2(1H)-pyridones with 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene.
Fujita R1, Watanabe K, Nishiuchi Y, Honda R, Matsuzaki H, Hongo H. Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo). 2001 May;49(5):601-5.
Diels-Alder (DA) reactions of 3- or 5-nitro-2(1H)-pyridones and nitro-2(1H)-pyridones containing a methoxycarbonyl group with 2,3-dimethyl-1,3-butadiene were examined. The DA reactions of 3-nitro-2(1H)-pyridones in this paper represent, to the best of our knowledge, the first report of DA reactions of 3-substituted 2(1H)-pyridones and consequent production of isoquinolones. Performing the same reactions with 5-nitro-2(1H)-pyridones yielded quinolones. DA reactions of 2(1H)-pyridones with nitro and methoxycarbonyl groups produced isoquinolones, quinolones and phenanthridones (the double DA adducts), aromatized or hydrogenated. The substituent effect was evaluated by calculating the activation energy, using the ab initio MO method.