1.Synthesis of Mesoporous Transition-Metal Phosphates by Polymeric Micelle Assembly.
Bastakoti BP1,2, Li Y1,3, Guragain S1, Pramanik M1, Alshehri SM4, Ahamad T5, Liu Z2, Yamauchi Y6,7,8. Chemistry. 2016 Apr 18. doi: 10.1002/chem.201600435. [Epub ahead of print]
Mesoporous iron phosphate (FePO4 ) was synthesized through assembly of polymeric micelles made of asymmetric triblock co-polymer (polystyrene-b-poly-2-vinylpyridine-b-ethylene oxide; PS-PVP-PEO). The phosphoric acid solution stimulates the formation of micelles with core-shell-corona architecture. The negatively charged PO4 3- ions dissolved in the solution strongly interact with the positively charged PVP+ units through an electrostatic attraction. Also, the presence of PO4 3- ions realizes a bridge between the micelle surface and the metal ions. The removal of polymeric template forms the robust framework of iron phosphate with 30 nm pore diameter and 15 nm wall thickness. Our method is applicable to other mesoporous metal phosphates by changing metal sources. The obtained materials were fully characterized by scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), N2 adsorption-desorption, Raman spectroscope, and other techniques.
2.The Mechanism of Ethylene Signaling Induced by Endophytic Fungus Gilmaniella sp. AL12 Mediating Sesquiterpenoids Biosynthesis in Atractylodes lancea.
Yuan J1, Sun K1, Deng-Wang MY1, Dai CC1. Front Plant Sci. 2016 Mar 23;7:361. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00361. eCollection 2016.
Ethylene, the first known gaseous phytohormone, is involved in plant growth, development as well as responses to environmental signals. However, limited information is available on the role of ethylene in endophytic fungi induced secondary metabolites biosynthesis. Atractylodes lancea is a traditional Chinese herb, and its quality depends on the main active compounds sesquiterpenoids. This work showed that the endophytic fungus Gilmaniella sp. AL12 induced ethylene production in Atractylodes lancea. Pre-treatment of plantlets with ethylene inhibiter aminooxyacetic acid (AOA) suppressed endophytic fungi induced accumulation of ethylene and sesquiterpenoids. Plantlets were further treated with AOA, salicylic acid (SA) biosynthesis inhibitor paclobutrazol (PAC), jasmonic acid inhibitor ibuprofen (IBU), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) scavenger catalase (CAT), nitric oxide (NO)-specific scavenger 2-(4-Carboxyphenyl)-4,4,5,5-tetramethylimidazoline-1-oxyl-3-oxide potassium salt (cPTIO).
3.Polyesters Based on Linoleic Acid for Biolubricant Basestocks: Low-Temperature, Tribological and Rheological Properties.
Abdullah BM1, Zubairi SI2, Huri HZ1,3, Hairunisa N1, Yousif E4, Basu RC1. PLoS One. 2016 Mar 23;11(3):e0151603. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0151603. eCollection 2016.
Presently, plant oils which contain high percentage of linoleic acid 1 are perceived to be a viable alternative to mineral oil for biolubricant applications due to their biodegradability and technical properties. In order to get biodegradable lubricant, triester derivatives compounds (1-5) were synthesized and characterized. The processes involved were monoepoxidation of linoleic acid 2, oxirane ring opening 3, esterification 4 and acylation 5. The structures of the products were confirmed by FTIR, 1H and 13C-NMR and LC-MS. The results that showed lowest temperature properties were obtained for triester 5, with a pour point value (PP) of -73°C, highest onset temperature (260°C) and lowest volatility at 0.30%. Viscosity index (VI) increased for the ester's synthetic compounds (2, 3, 4, 5), while the PP decreased. This behavior is the result of the increase of the chain length of the branching agents. Triester based linoleic acid has improved properties such as low-temperature and tribological properties.
4.Sulfamic Acid-Catalyzed Lead Perovskite Formation for Solar Cell Fabrication on Glass or Plastic Substrates.
Guo Y1, Sato W1, Shoyama K1, Nakamura E1. J Am Chem Soc. 2016 Apr 15. [Epub ahead of print]
Lead perovskite materials such as methylammonium triiodoplumbate(II) (CH3NH3PbI3, PV) are promising materials for printable solar cell (SC) applications. The preparation of PV involves a series of energetically costly cleavages of the μ-iodo bridges via conversion of a mixture of PbI2 (PI) and methylammonium iodide (CH3NH3I, MAI) in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) into a precursor solution containing a polymeric strip of a plumbate(II) dimer [(MA+)2(PbI3-)2·(DMF)2]m, which then produces a perovskite film with loss of DMF upon spin-coating and heating of the substrate. We report here that the PI-to-PV conversion and the PV crystal growth to micrometer size can be accelerated by a small amount of zwitterionic sulfamic acid (NH3SO3, SA) and that sulfamic acid facilitates electron transfer to a neighboring electron-accepting layer in an SC device. As a result, an SC device on indium tin oxide (ITO)/glass made of a 320 nm thick PV film using 0.7 wt % SA showed a higher short-circuit current, open-circuit voltage, and fill factor and hence a 22.