1.Copper(II)-binding ability of stereoisomeric cis- and trans-2-aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acid-L-phenylalanine dipeptides. A combined CW/pulsed EPR and DFT study.
Nagy NV1, Van Doorslaer S, Szabó-Plánka T, Van Rompaey S, Hamza A, Fülöp F, Tóth GK, Rockenbauer A. Inorg Chem. 2012 Feb 6;51(3):1386-99. doi: 10.1021/ic2016116. Epub 2012 Jan 6.
With the aim of an improved understanding of the metal-complexation properties of alicyclic β-amino acid stereoisomers, and their peptides, the complex equilibria and modes of coordination with copper(II) of L-phenylalanine (F) derivatives of cis/trans-2-aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acid (c/tACHC), i.e. the dipeptides F-c/tACHC and c/tACHC-F, were investigated by a combination of CW and pulsed EPR methods. For the interpretation of the experimental data, DFT quantum-chemical calculations were carried out. Simulation of a pH-dependent series of room-temperature CW-EPR spectra revealed the presence of EPR-active complexes ([Cu(aqua)](2+), [CuL](+), [CuLH(-1)], [CuLH(-2)](-), and [CuL(2)H(-1)](-)), and an EPR-inactive species ([Cu(2)L(2)H(-3)](-)) in aqueous solutions for all studied cases. [CuLH](2+) was included in the equilibrium model for the c/tACHC-F-copper(II) systems, and [CuL(2)], together with two coordination isomers of [CuL(2)H(-1)](-), were also identified in the F-tACHC-copper(II) system.
2.Highly enantioselective enone epoxidation catalyzed by short solid phase-bound peptides: dominant role of peptide helicity.
Berkessel A1, Gasch N, Glaubitz K, Koch C. Org Lett. 2001 Nov 29;3(24):3839-42.
The series of L-Leu 1-20-mers, peptides carrying 1-5 N-terminal Gly residues, and oligomers of (S)-beta(3)-Leu and (1R,2R)-2-aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acid were synthesized on TentaGel S NH(2). Five L-Leu residues were found sufficient to catalyze the Juliá-Colonna epoxidation of chalcone with 96-98% ee. Experiment and molecular modeling suggest that catalysis is effected by binding of the enone to the N-terminus, and the helicity of the peptide determines the epoxide configuration through face-selective delivery of a hydroperoxide anion. [reaction: see text]
3.Chiral differentiation of some cyclic beta-amino acids by kinetic and fixed ligand methods.
Hyyryläinen AR1, Pakarinen JM, Forró E, Fülöp F, Vainiotalo P. J Mass Spectrom. 2010 Feb;45(2):198-204. doi: 10.1002/jms.1704.
Differentiation of beta-amino acid enantiomers with two chiral centres was investigated by kinetic method with trimeric metal-bound complexes. Four enantiomeric pairs of beta-amino acids were studied: cis-(1R,2S)-, cis-(1S,2R)-, trans-(1R,2R)- and trans-(1S,2S)-2-aminocyclopentanecarboxylic acids (cyclopentane beta-amino acids), and cis-(1R,2S)-, cis-(1S,2R)-, trans-(1R,2R)-, and trans-(1S,2S)-2-aminocyclohexanecarboxylic acids (cyclohexane beta-amino acids). The results showed that the choice of metal ion (Cu(2+), Ni(2+)) and chiral reference compound (alpha- and beta-amino acids) had an effect on the enantioselectivity. Especially, aromaticity of the reference compound was noted to enhance the enantioselectivity. The fixed-ligand kinetic method, a modification of the kinetic method, was then applied to the same beta-amino acids, with dipeptides used as fixed ligands. With this method, dipeptide containing an aromatic side chain enhanced the enantioselectivity.