1.DNA hybridization electrochemical sensor using conducting polymer.
Cha J1, Han JI, Choi Y, Yoon DS, Oh KW, Lim G. Biosens Bioelectron. 2003 Sep;18(10):1241-7.
We report the use of poly(thiophen-3-yl-acetic acid 1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-isoindol-2-yl ester (PTAE) for application to electrochemical hybridization sensor. A synthetic route for the thiophen-3-yl-acetic acid 1,3-dioxo-1,3-dihydro-isoindol-2-yl ester (TAE) is described, which is used as a monomer of conducting polymer sensor. A direct chemical substitution of probe oligonucleotide to good leaving group site in the PTAE is carried out on the conducting polymer film. A biological recognition can be monitored by comparison with the electrochemical signal (cyclic voltammogram) of single and double strand state oligonucleotide. The sensitivity of the electrochemical sensor is 0.62 microA/nmole and the detection limit is 1 nmole. The oxidation current of double strand state oligonucleotide is a half of that of single strand, that is corresponding to the decrease of electrochemical activity of conducting polymer with increase of stiffness of side group of the polymer.